Tourism in Zanzibar

It is very important to understand the history of a place before you plan your trip there. Zanzibar might be famous for its perfect tropical beaches and relaxing accommodation. But there’s more to this beautiful East African tourist destination than meets the eye.

Brief history of Zanzibar:

Zanzibar (/ˈzænzɨbɑr/) is the semi-autonomous part of Tanzania in East Africa between Kenya and Mozambique. The name is derived from Persian Zangi, name of a local people, said to mean "black," and Persian bar "coast, shore."

It is composed of the Zanzibar Archipelago in the Indian Ocean, 25–50 kilometres (16–31 mi) off the coast of the mainland, and consists of many small islands and two large ones: Unguja (the main island, referred to informally as Zanzibar) and Pemba. The capital is Zanzibar City, located on the island of Unguja.

Stone Town:

Is a major visitor attraction in Tanzania and the old part of Zanzibar City and was the flourishing centre of the spice trade as well as the slave trade in the 19th century. It is a city of prominent historical and artistic importance in East Africa. Its architecture reflects the diverse influences underlying the Swahili culture, with the East African culture being dominant. There is a unique mixture of Arab, Persian, Indian and European elements. For this reason, the town was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2000.

Main Industries in Zanzibar:

Zanzibar exports spices, seaweed, and fine raffia. It also has a large fishing and dugout canoe production. Tourism in Zanzibar is a major foreign currency earner. In particular, cloves, nutmeg, cinnamon, and black pepper.

Climate and Temperature:

The heat of summer (corresponding to the northern hemisphere winter) is often cooled by strong sea breezes associated with the northeast monsoon, particularly on the north and east coasts. Being near to the equator, the islands are warm year round. Rains occur in November but are characterised by brief showers. Longer rains normally occur in March, April and May in association with the southwest monsoon.

Average High – (Jan-Apr) is 33°C; (May-Sep) is 29°C; (Oct-Dec) is 32°C.

Average Low – (Jul-Sep) is 22°C; (Jun & Oct) is 23°C; (Jan, Feb, May, Nov & Dec) is 24°C; (Mar & Apr) 25°C.

The future of Zanzibar tourism:

Zanzibar's Eastern Coast is perhaps its finest.  It is still largely undeveloped and unspoiled. Now Zanzibar's government is proposing the development of several big hotels along these shores. Their idea is to transform Zanzibar from a high-value, low-volume destination to one focusing on mass tourism.